Dr. Jolynn Pek

Dr. Jolynn Pek

Dr. Jolynn Pek

Associate Professor, Quantitative

pek.5@osu.edu

(614) 291-4940

228 Lazenby Hall
1827 Neil Ave.
Columbus, OH
43210

Google Map

Education

  • B.Soc.Sci in Psychology and Mathematics from National University of Singapore
  • M.A in Applied Psychology from National University of Singapore
  • M.S. in Biostatistics from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Jolynn Pek received her Ph.D. in Quantitative Psychology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill at the L. L. Thurstone Psychometric Laboratory. She is a member of the Society for Multivariate Experimental Psychology (SMEP) and Fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA) Division 5 (Quantitative and Qualitative Methods). She is a recipient of the Early Researcher Award by the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation, the Association for Psychological Science (APS) Rising Star Award, the SMEP Early Career Research Award, and the APA Division 5 Anne Anastasi Distinguished Early Career Contributions Award.

Her research interests are motivated by quantifying uncertainty inherent in designing studies and in results obtained from fitting models to data. Quantifying uncertainty is fundamental to understanding the limits of statistical results and ascertaining statistical conclusion validity. Part of this work is also motivated by moving methods into practice.

There are many sources of uncertainty in statistical results. In the phase of study planning, uncertainty is inherent in not knowing enough about the phenomenon under study. Such uncertainty has implications for designing a study, including the use of power analysis. When data have been collected, uncertainty in results may be due to the presence of influential cases which can unduly affect parameter estimates, motivating the development of identification and diagnostic methods. Parameter estimates also carry uncertainty in the form of sampling variability which are communicated by confidence sets; a related but distinct aspect of parameter uncertainty is carried by fungible parameter estimates, which are alternative descriptions of the data afforded by parameter values that are associated with a similar level of fit to the data compared to optimal estimates. Finally, the functional form linking constructs during the exploratory phase of research is uncertain, prompting the development of methods to flexibly recover unknown relationships. Dr. Pek has formalized and developed different approaches to quantify these various sources of uncertainty in terms of estimation, algorithms, measures, and graphical approaches.

Selected Methodological Papers

Pek, J., Pitt, M. A., & Wegener, D. T. (in press). Uncertainty limits the use of power analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.

†Flake, J. K., *Davidson, I., J., *Wong, O., & Pek, J. (2022). Construct validity and the validity of replication studies: A systematic review. American Psychologist. doi: 10.1037/amp0001006

*Park, J., & Pek, J. (2022). Conducting Bayesian-classical hybrid power analysis with R package hybridpower. Multivariate Behavioral Research. doi: 10.1080/00273171.2018.1557032

Wegener, D. T., Fabrigar, L. R., Pek, J., & *Hoisington-Shaw, K. J. (2021). Evaluating research in personality and social psychology: Considerations of statistical power and concerns about false findings. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. doi: 10.1177/01461672211030811

Pek, J. & *Park, J. (2019). Complexities in power analysis: Quantifying uncertainties with a Bayesian-classical hybrid approach. Psychological Methods, 24(5), 590–605. doi: 10.1037/met0000208

Pek, J., & Wu, H. (2018). Parameter uncertainty in structural equation models: Confidence sets and fungible estimates. Psychological Methods, 23(4), 635–653. doi: 10.1037/met0000163

Pek, J., *Wong, O. & Wong, A. C. M. (2018). How to address non-normality: A taxonomy of approaches, reviewed and illustrated. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2104. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02104

Pek, J., & Flora, D. (2018). Reporting effect sizes in original psychological research: A discussion and tutorial. Psychological Methods, 25(5), 590-605. doi: 10.1037/met0000126

†Flake, J. K., Pek, J., & Hehman, E. (2017). Construct validation in social and personality research: Current practice and recommendations. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8, 370-378. doi: 10.1177/1948550617693063

 

 

*Student co-author during time of research conducted.

†Postdoctoral fellow co-author during time of research conducted.